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Let’s go over the numbers

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The Pew Hispanic Center reports that, according to tabulations of the Census Bureau’s 2010 American Community Survey, nearly half (45 percent) of the country’s Hispanic population lives in just 10 metropolitan areas. Phoenix, ranks 8th on that list, with a Hispanic population of 1,136,000, or a 29 percent share of its general population; 68.3 percent of Phoenix’ Hispanic residents are U.S. born and 89.7 percent trace their origin to Mexico. Furthermore, 43.3 percent of Phoenix residents under the age of 18 are Hispanic. Tucson and Yuma rank 30th and 58th, respectively, on the list of “Top 60 Hispanic Metropolitan Areas.” 

What about nationally? In observance of National Hispanic Heritage Month (September 15 – October 15), the U.S. Census Bureau compiles a collection of statistics drawn from several sources within its demographic and economic data sets to help set the backdrop, and provide context, for the celebration. Here are some select facts and figures. 

Population

52 million

The Hispanic population of the United States as of July 1, 2011, making people of Hispanic origin the nation’s largest ethnic or racial minority. Hispanics constituted 16.7 percent of the nation’s total population. In addition, there are 3.7 million residents of Puerto Rico, a U.S. territory.

Source: 2011 Population Estimates 

1.3 million

Number of Hispanics added to the nation’s population between July 1, 2010, and July 1, 2011. This number is more than half of the approximately 2.3 million added to the nation’s overall population during this period.

Source: 2011 Population Estimates: National Characteristics: Population by Sex, Race, and Hispanic origin

2.5%  

Percentage increase in the Hispanic population between 2010 and 2011.

Source: 2011 Population Estimates National Characteristics: Population by Sex, Race, and Hispanic origin

132.8 million  

The projected Hispanic population of the United States by July 1, 2050. According to this projection, Hispanics will constitute 30 percent of the nation’s population by that date.

Source: Population Projections 

50.5 million

The number of Hispanics counted during the 2010 Census. This was about a 43 percent increase from the Hispanic population reported in the 2000 Census, which was 35.3 million.

Source: The Hispanic Population: 2010

2nd  

Ranking of the size of the U.S. Hispanic population worldwide, as of 2010. Only Mexico

(112 million) had a larger Hispanic population than the United States (50.5 million).

Source: International Data Base

63%

The percentage of people of Hispanic origin in the United States who were of Mexican background in 2010. Another 9.2 percent were of Puerto Rican background, 3.5 percent Cuban, 3.3 percent Salvadoran and 2.8 percent Dominican. The remainder were of some other Central American, South American or other Hispanic/Latino origin.

Source: The Hispanic Population: 2010

Names

4

The number of Hispanic surnames ranked among the 15 most common in 2000. It was the first time that a Hispanic surname reached the top 15 during a census. Garcia was the most common Hispanic surname, occurring 858,289 times and placing eighth on the list, up from 18th place in 1990. Rodriguez (ninth), Martinez (11th) and Hernandez (15th) were the next most common Hispanic surnames.

Source: Census 2000 Genealogy

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