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Amid all the hoopla and celebrations of Hispanic Heritage Month, which runs from September 15 through October 15, some government agencies actually produce enlightening data about the nation’s Latino community.
To wit, the Census Bureau compiles facts and figures that when taken together, paint an illuminating portrait of Latindad in the U.S. Here are a few of the gems:
Population: As of April 1, 2010, the Latino population of the U.S. stood at 50.5 million. This does not include the 3.7 million residents of Puerto Rico, a U.S. territory.
Growth: The percentage increase growth of Hispanics between April 1, 2000 and April 1, 2010 was 43 percent, making Hispanics the fastest-growing group. Hispanics are projected to be 30 percent of the nation’s population by 2050.
Subgroups: About 63 percent of Hispanic people in the U.S. were of Mexican descent in 2010. Another 9.2 percent were Puerto Rican, 3.5 percent Cuban, 3.3 percent Salvadoran, and 2.8 percent Dominican.
States: The number of states with at least a half million Hispanic residents are Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Massachusetts, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Texas, Virgina and Washington.
Business: The number of Hispanic-owned businesses in 2007 was 2.3 million, up 43.7 percent from 2002.
Receipts: Receipts generated by Hispanic-owned businesses grew to $345.2 billion in 2007, up 55.5 percent from 2002.
Sectors: About 30 percent of Hispanic-owned businesses were in construction and other services sectors; 50.8 percent of the receipts of Hispanic-owned businesses were concentrated in wholesale trade, construction and retail trade.
Income: The median income of Hispanic households in 2009 was $38,039.